2011-2013
Theme 3: Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi)
Centers/ProgramsIFPRI
Target RegionsAsia, CWANA, LAC, SSA
Countries of Planned Research Potential Beneficiary Countries
 
Bangladesh, India, Nigeria
 
Bangladesh, India, Nigeria
CGIAR Priorities
2A - Maintaining and enhancing yield potential of food staples
2B - Tolerance to selected abiotic stresses
3A - Increasing income from fruit and vegetables
3B - Income increases from livestock
4A - Integrated land, water and forest management and landscape level
4C - Improving water productivity
4D - Sustainable agro-ecological intensification in low- and high-potential environments
5A - Science and technology policies and institutions
5C - Rural institutions and their governance
5D - Improving research and development options to reduce rural poverty and vulnerability
New Research Areas - New Research Areas
Financing Sources
Members: ADB, Australia, Brazil, Canada, European Commission, FAO, Germany, IFAD, Italy, Norway, Switzerland, World Bank

Non Members: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Blue Moon Fund, Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa FARA, Foundation for Investment and Export Development, Howard G. Buffett Foundation, International Finance Corporation, Jordan, KickStart International, National Fadama Development Office, Others, Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Stanford University, START Secretariat, Technical University of Denmark, United Nations University, University of Aarhus, University of Illinois, Unres+Other Sources, VirginiaTech, World Food Program (WFP), Yale University
Project Overview and Rationale

Property rights and collective action play key roles in determining agricultural productivity and food security, access to natural resources critical to sustaining rural livelihoods, and the likelihood that resources will be available to meet future needs. Therefore, a deeper understanding of the nature and alternatives offered by these institutions is essential for developing effective solutions to combat poverty.

CAPRi aims to facilitate sustainable management of natural resources of particular importance to food, nutrition, and agriculture (land, water, trees, and genetic resources) and to contribute to policies and practices for efficient, equitable, and sustainable natural resource use to alleviate rural poverty. In particular, CAPRi’s objectives are to:

  • Increase knowledge on Collective Action and Property Rights institutions in natural resource management and their effectiveness under different conditions;
  • Identify concrete policy instruments that facilitate and encourage the formation, improved functioning, resilience, and spontaneous evolution of organizations of users and property institutions that assure optimal resource use, and promote partnerships between local organizations, states, civil society, and private entities;
  • Strengthen the capacity of national and CG research centers, non-governmental organizations, universities, and local organizations.

Regarding CAPRi’s structure as a CGIAR systemwide program, the following should be noted in connection with the Science Council’s MTP guidelines:

  • CAPRi equates with one MTP project under the Science Council guidelines in terms of overall size.
  • CAPRi is supporting two projects led by IFPRI and ILRI, conducting research on gender and collective action in Bangladesh and Nigeria respectively. A recent call for proposals will fund additional projects led by other centers.
  • CAPRi has started a process to turn its wealth of experiences, lessons, and outputs into training materials including, a resource book, learning cases, and a participatory curriculum. The program aims to devolve some of its capacity strengthening activities to partners in the regions, starting in Eastern and Southern Africa and South Asia.
  • The remaining CAPRi activities support all CGIAR centers and a range of NARS. This includes training and workshops (and publications) each year, hosted by different CG centers and supporting different sets of NARS.
  • Outputs of the CG-led empirical projects are technically “secondary,” and reported by each CG center; however, because these projects are comparatively small (up to $150,000), and add-ons to existing work, CAPRi’s contributions may not be identified separately in CG centers MTPs.
  • There are over 250 other projects in the CGIAR that relate to collective action or property rights. Any of these can participate in and contribute to CAPRi publications, workshops, and training; however, because these activities are not directly funded by CAPRi, they are unlikely to be reported separately by CGIAR centers.


Project Outputs
Output Title
1: Knowledge of collective action and property rights institutions and their role in poverty reduction and natural resource management strengthened.
Output Description

This output draws on new research supported by the CAPRi program as well as synthesis of other ongoing research by CGIAR and other partners. During the current MTP period, the specific types of knowledge will focus on:

  • Research on Gender and Collective Action: CAPRi supports two research projects led by IFPRI (Bangladesh) and ILRI (Nigeria) that look at how gender composition of groups affects the extent and success of collective action for technology dissemination, food safety, poverty reduction, and women’s empowerment.
  • Review of the role of local institutions in climate change mitigation and adaptation (in collaboration with IFPRI, ASB, the Rights and Resources Initiative, and WRI). This examines the ways in which property rights are necessary for smallholders and the poor to tap into environmental service payments, and how smallholders can group together to reduce transactions costs in obtaining such payments. In adaptation, builds on the CAPRi framework to examine the role of property rights and collective action in water conservation or other practices, or dissemination of drought-resistant seeds, for example.
  • New empirical research on securing access to natural resources will be conducted 209-2012 in response to a new call for proposals will identify the role of collective action and property rights, and what can be done to strengthen the control of poor and marginal groups in response to threats such as climate change or increasing pressure from outsiders, etc.
CGIAR Priorities
4A, 5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, Nigeria
Intended Users
Researchers (CGIAR, NARS partners), policymakers, local communities (additional users next to each output target, if applicable).
Outcome
Improved conceptual and theoretical understanding of collective action and property rights are used in research to develop effective solutions to combat poverty. Innovative research methods are adopted and adapted. Knowledge is generated regarding appropriate collective action and property rights institutions for various areas, such as forests, rangelands, watersheds, and irrigation systems.
Impact
Understanding of collective action and property rights institutions leads to better and relevant institutional basis for sustainable use of resources and poverty reduction."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Practices
Conceptual framework for understanding links between conflict, property rights, and collective action.
2011
Practices
Methods for identifying threats and people’s effective control of natural resources developed.

Output Title
2: Policy instruments and options identified that facilitate the formation, improved functioning, resilience and spontaneous evolution of organizations of users and property institutions that provide equitable access to resources.
Output Description
CAPRi identifies policy implications based on the research supported directly by CAPRi as well as other research by CGIAR centers and partner organizations, Rather than presenting any single “policy prescription”, this work aims to identify options that can be used to adapt collective action and property rights institutions to their context, in a manner that will benefit smallholders, women, and other socially excluded groups. During the period of this MTP, we will be drawing upon recent work on collective action, property rights, and poverty reduction, work on collective action for smallholder market access, as well as ongoing research on gender and collective action and new work on climate change.
CGIAR Priorities
4A, 4C, 4D, 5A, 5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, Nigeria
Intended Users
Policymakers at international, national, and local community levels (additional users next to each output target, if applicable).
Outcome
Opportunities for innovative policy design recognized and adopted by actors at multiple levels. Better informed policymakers are able to identify and apply the roles of collective action and property rights in poverty reduction.
Impact
Poverty-reducing effect through policy and institutional change at various levels facilitating sustainable manage¬ment of natural resources."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Practices
Understanding how gender composition of groups affects the extent and success of collective action for technology dissemination, food safety, poverty reduction, and women’s empowerment.
2012
Policy strategies
Results of research on strengthening poor people’s control of natural resources identify options for responses to threats, including climate change.

Output Title
3: Enhanced capacities of researchers, policymakers, and technical staff to deal with property rights and collective action institutions.
Output Description
CAPRi workshops, working papers, and other publications help researchers to identify property rights and collective action institutions and their role in natural resource management and poverty reduction. CAPRi briefs have been very effective in disseminating this work to wider audiences of policymakers and practitioners. We are developing a resource guide that will further distill a larger amount of our research into materials that can be readily understood by government officials, NGO staff, and students at NARs. We will also work with selected NARS to develop training materials and use of CAPRi case studies, syntheses pieces, etc. in capacity strengthening courses, either in universities or in-service training.
CGIAR Priorities
4A, 4C, 4D, 5A, 5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
India
Intended Users
Researchers, civil servants, technical staff of ministries and international agencies, NGOs, and policymakers.
Outcome
Improved research and projects on collective action and property rights institutions will foster improved policy impact of research on poverty reduction. Capacity of CAPRi members, and collaborators for collective action and property rights research is strengthened. Understanding of collective action and property rights institutions gained is used to guide the users’ policy and program work, and strengthen research related to collective action and property rights.
Impact
Government, civil society, CGIAR programs are more effective in empowering poor people, reducing vulnerability and poverty because of stronger property rights and more effective collective action among the poor."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Capacity
Established long-term strategic partnerships with selected regional partners to deliver CAPRi capacity strengthening activities.
2011
Capacity
Enhanced local ability for capacity strengthening enhanced through CAPRi training partners in regions.

Note: Financial Tables, Target Regions, CGIAR Priorities and Financing Sources show aggregated data for more than one MTP project and in particular for: - Theme 3: Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi) - Subtheme 3.1: Water Resource Allocation: Productivity and Environmental Impacts (GRP 22) - Subtheme 3.2: Land Resource Management for Poverty Reduction (GRP 39)


Allocation of Member, Non-Member Grants and other sources to projects, 2009-2011
in $millions

Project Member Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Project Total
5.595
5.505
5.566
Theme 3: Natural Resources PoliciesMemberADB
0.183
0.006
0.000
Australia
0.136
0.031
0.388
Brazil
0.072
0.000
0.000
Canada
0.276
0.037
0.000
European Commission
0.019
0.000
0.000
FAO
0.075
0.150
0.000
Germany
0.433
0.668
1.275
IFAD
0.029
0.564
0.410
Italy
0.121
0.226
0.244
Norway
0.421
0.719
0.328
Switzerland
0.000
0.025
0.030
World Bank
1.364
0.566
0.372
Non MemberBill and Melinda Gates Foundation
0.000
0.253
0.916
Blue Moon Fund
0.085
0.000
0.000
Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa FARA
0.043
0.000
0.000
Foundation for Investment and Export Development
0.000
0.056
0.000
Howard G. Buffett Foundation
0.000
0.006
0.000
International Finance Corporation
0.000
0.025
0.000
Jordan
0.000
0.001
0.000
KickStart International
0.000
0.087
0.085
National Fadama Development Office
0.086
0.000
0.000
Others
0.532
0.684
0.450
Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
0.000
0.028
0.000
Stanford University
0.625
0.554
0.291
START Secretariat
0.018
0.000
0.000
Technical University of Denmark
0.041
0.000
0.000
United Nations University
0.005
0.000
0.000
University of Aarhus
0.000
0.014
0.000
University of Illinois
0.024
0.000
0.000
VirginiaTech
0.041
0.010
0.000
World Food Program (WFP)
0.010
0.000
0.000
Yale University
0.003
0.018
0.015
Unres+Other SourcesUnres+Other Sources
0.953
0.777
0.762


Allocation of Project Costs to CGIAR Priorities, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Priorities
Theme 3: Natural Resources Policies
Project Total
5.595
5.505
5.566
5.788
6.020
2A
0.407
0.401
0.405
0.421
0.438
2B
0.040
0.040
0.040
0.042
0.043
3A
0.028
0.028
0.028
0.029
0.030
3B
0.028
0.028
0.028
0.029
0.030
4A
0.997
0.981
0.992
1.031
1.073
4C
0.997
0.980
0.992
1.032
1.073
4D
1.028
1.010
1.022
1.063
1.106
5A
0.685
0.674
0.681
0.708
0.737
5C
0.624
0.614
0.621
0.646
0.672
5D
0.705
0.694
0.701
0.729
0.758
New Research Areas
0.056
0.055
0.056
0.058
0.060


Project investment by developing Region, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Target Regions Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Project Total
5.595
5.505
5.566
5.788
6.020
Theme 3: Natural Resources PoliciesAsia
1.364
1.463
1.515
1.577
1.644
CWANA
0.044
0.089
0.068
0.071
0.075
LAC
1.250
1.081
1.198
1.246
1.300
SSA
2.937
2.872
2.785
2.894
3.001