2011-2013
Subtheme 7.2: Large-Scale Interventions to Enhance Human Capital (GRP 28)
Centers/ProgramsIFPRI
Target RegionsAsia, LAC, SSA
Countries of Planned Research Potential Beneficiary Countries
 
Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Malawi, Pakistan, El Salvador, Uganda, Vietnam, South Africa
 
Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Malawi, Pakistan, El Salvador, Uganda, Vietnam, South Africa
CGIAR Priorities
2A - Maintaining and enhancing yield potential of food staples
2B - Tolerance to selected abiotic stresses
2C - Enhancing nutritional quality and safety
3A - Increasing income from fruit and vegetables
3B - Income increases from livestock
5B - Making international and domestic markets work for the poor
5C - Rural institutions and their governance
5D - Improving research and development options to reduce rural poverty and vulnerability
New Research Areas - New Research Areas
Financing Sources
Members: European Commission, Germany, IDB, IFAD, Sweden, UNDP, United Kingdom, United States, World Bank

Non Members: CARE, Cornell University, Economic and Social Research Council, El Salvador, Ethiopian Development Research Institute, Foundation for Investment and Export Development, George Mason University, Georgia State University, HarvestPlus/CP, Hewlett Foundation, Japan Bank for International Development (JBIC), JICA, National Institutes of Health, Others, Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Oxford University, Save the Children Federation, Inc., Social Impact, Inc., University of Andina Simon Bolivar, University of Laval, UNOPS, Unres+Other Sources, World Food Program (WFP)
Project Overview and Rationale

Increasingly recognized as a critical part of social policy, social protection systems have been used to enable individuals, families, and communities to reduce risk and/or mitigate the impacts of stresses and shocks to their livelihoods. They may also be used to support people who suffer from chronic incapacities to secure basic subsistence. Such interventions can contribute to poverty reduction and growth through investments in health, nutrition, and education for children and adults, development of productive infrastructure, and promotion of livelihoods activities. This research program focuses on social protection interventions that aim to reduce poverty, malnutrition, and vulnerability through promoting investments in human capital. It generates and uses quantitative and qualitative data to understand the impact pathways of alternative interventions affecting human capital and poverty reduction. It considers the different geographical, economic, social and political contexts within which these interventions operate, as well as shocks, and the implications for outcomes. It then examines how this understanding can contribute to innovations in policy and program design to enhance the quality, reach, and impacts of interventions to reduce poverty and vulnerability in both the short- and long-term.

Goals and Objectives

The objective of this research is to use data from evaluations of interventions designed to increase human capital to understand the policies, interventions, and other factors that lead to sustainable poverty reduction and nutritional improvements. Further, the project aims to use these findings to facilitate development of policies and interventions for sustainable poverty reduction and nutrition improvement in poor countries through:

  • increased understanding of the impacts and pathways of impact—in the short-, medium- and long-term—of alternative interventions to increase human capital and promote sustainable poverty reduction and nutrition improvement, in the context of chronic poverty, vulnerabilities, and adverse shocks;
  • new evidence on the medium- and long-term effects of specific policies and interventions that reduce poverty and improve other dimensions of well-being and the use of this understanding to develop innovations in policy and program design to improve the quality, reach, and impacts of interventions to reduce poverty and vulnerability in both the short- and long-term;
  • the development of best practices in quantitative and qualitative research methods to evaluate and compare various interventions, including data sets incorporating advances in the design and implementation of individual and household survey techniques created;
  • understanding the role of contextual factors, including shocks, policy processes, political economy, institutions and governance in explaining outcomes related to safety net and social protection programs; and
  • the development of capacity for design, implementation, and evaluation of interventions.


Project Outputs
Output Title
1: Innovations developed in research designs and analytical methods for evaluations of policies and programs to provide social protection, reduce poverty, and improve human capital of the poor (3-5 years).
Output Description
Innovations developed in research designs and analytical methods to evaluate policies and programs to improve human capital of the poor and promote sustainable poverty reduction, food security and human capital—including (1) health, nutrition and education programs adapting to new regions; (2) new program designs intended to achieve new human capital objectives, such as enhanced skills, women’s empowerment, reduced health risks, and adolescents' hope for the future; and (3) programs operating within different vulnerability contexts. IFPRI’s state-of-the-art knowledge and innovativeness in research design in quantitative and qualitative methods gives it a distinct comparative advantage in achieving these outputs.
CGIAR Priorities
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Pakistan, El Salvador, Vietnam, South Africa
Intended Users
Government departments across sectors (health, nutrition, education, finance, and other) and NGOs (international and national) responsible for evaluating interventions or with a stake in evaluation results; donors (including multilateral organizations) that fund interventions; research institutions and local firms that carry out evaluations.
Outcome
Users adapt research designs for evaluating new types of interventions aimed at strengthening human capital, and other safety net and social protection programs. Rigorous and accurate evaluations become more common and are promoted by donors, multilateral institutions, and governments. Policymakers are enabled to make better informed policy decisions and there are greater program and policy impacts which result in the reduction of rural poverty and vulnerability.
Impact
Better designed programs lead to measurably higher impacts on poverty, health, education and nutrition; more efficient operations; and reduced vulnerability."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Practices
Improvements in evaluation methods developed using quantitative and qualitative tools for evaluating new social protection and human capital interventions.
2010
Practices
New applications of regression discontnuity design (RDD) analysis for measuring impacts of program targeting at community level.
2011
Practices
Improvements in evaluation methods developed using quantitative and qualitative tools for evaluating new social protection and human capital interventions. New tools developed for analyzing impacts of shocks and interventions that respond.

Output Title
2: Increased understanding of the impacts and impact pathways—in the short-, medium-, and long-term—of alternative interventions to increase human capital and promote sustainable poverty reduction, food security, and nutrition improvement (5 years).
Output Description
This is the core of Subtheme 7.2—the evaluation of impacts of interventions on poverty and human capital. The activities involve use of rigorous quantitative and qualitative research designs and methods to determine program impacts, explanations for those impacts, and analysis of program operations. The results are used directly to inform policy and program development and strengthening. IFPRI has a strong comparative advantage in this work because of its methodological skills, interdisciplinary staff, and long-standing experience with these issues.
CGIAR Priorities
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Malawi, Pakistan, El Salvador, Uganda, Vietnam, South Africa
Intended Users
Government Ministries and departments across sectors, national and international NGOs, donors and researchers with a stake in sustainable poverty reduction, increasing food security and improving human capital.
Outcome
Users employ better information in choosing among alternative interventions and in designing interventions. Users employ public resources for increasing human capital and social protection more efficiently and effectively to contribute to sustainable poverty reduction, increased food security, reduced malnutrition.
Impact
Sustainable poverty reduction, food security and nutrition is improved through: Greater investment in food security, health, education, and nutrition of children and adults, and greater income earning potential for current and future generations and reduced poverty; The ability to stem the loss of human capital and even build it in the context of shocks. "

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Baseline study completed on the impact of the Child Support Grant in South Africa on human capital, with focus on young children and adolescents.
2010
Policy strategies
Evaluations completed in El Salvador and Mozambique to determine intervention impacts on human capital.
2011
Policy strategies
Evaluation of cash/food/voucher alternatives for WFP initiated
2011
Policy strategies
Evaluation of Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Program completed
2011
Policy strategies
Evaluation survey completed for study of the impact of the Child Support Grant in South Africa on human capital, with focus on young children and adolescents.
2011
Policy strategies
Research completed on role of social networks and crop technology diffusion in Uganda.

Output Title
3: Increased understanding of the impacts of shocks on poverty, food security and human capital, and innovations in social protection interventions that can best respond to new conditions, for different regions and demographic groups in the short, and longer term (3 years).
Output Description
The description and activities under this output are similar to those under Ouput (2) above; however, the focus of this output is in adapting interventions to be responsive to shocks. The main emphasis in this work in the coming period is on HIV and AIDS, and rising food prices. Attention is paid to differences in geography, population groups, and other contextual factors, and to short- and longer-term impacts. IFPRI’s comparative advantage lies in its experience and years of research experience in the area of HIV, AIDS and food security, and in the expertise of its senior researchers in analyzing the consequences of rising food prices for food and nutrition security, and the implications for intervention design.
CGIAR Priorities
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, Uganda, South Africa
Intended Users
Government Ministries and departments in countries hard hit by HIV and AIDS, and rising food prices. National and international NGOs, donors, and researchers contributing to the response.
Outcome
Users employ better information in adapting interventions that respond to shocks, in different regions for different groups over short and longer term. Governments able to respond more quickly and flexibly to emerging issues and to assisting their populations affected by shocks.
Impact
Adverse impacts of shocks reduced for most vulnerable."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Baseline study completed on the impact of conditional cash transfers on HIV risk among adolescent girls in South Africa.
2011
Policy strategies
Evaluations completed on interventions that respond to rising food prices

Output Title
4: Increased understanding of how social protection programs address the needs and conditions of particularly vulnerable groups such as indigenous persons and adolescent girls at high risk of HIV.
Output Description
This output involves research on policy processes, institutions, and program operations, in order to develop an understanding of why policies and interventions do or do not have the impacts intended. Many well-designed policies and programs hit bottlenecks, but the reasons are often not studied or well analyzed. IFPRI’s comparative advantage is this area comes from having developed a research program on policy processes, having carried out successful and innovative operations research in several countries, and its ability to combine qualitative and quantitative research methods.
CGIAR Priorities
5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
n/a
Intended Users
Government Ministries and departments responsible for social protection programs of vulnerable populations.
Outcome
Users employ new strategies and program designs that are more appropriate to the conditions, constraints, and needs of these vulnerable populations.
Impact
Human capital indicators are improved among vulnerable groups HIV risk is reduced among adolescent girls"

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Research completed on how program operations and institutions affect outcomes of Conditional Cash Transfer (CCTs) programs in El Salvador.
2011
Policy strategies
Baseline survey and qualitative research completed for study of the impact of conditional cash transfers on HIV risk among adolescent girls

Note: Financial Tables, Target Regions, CGIAR Priorities and Financing Sources show aggregated data for more than one MTP project and in particular for: - Subtheme 7.2: Large-Scale Interventions to Enhance Human Capital (GRP 28) - Subtheme 7.3: Strengthening Women’s Control of Assets for Better Development Outcomes (GRP 42)


Allocation of Member, Non-Member Grants and other sources to projects, 2009-2011
in $millions

Project Member Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Project Total
6.866
8.012
9.393
Theme 7: Poverty, Nutrition, and Social ProtectionMemberEuropean Commission
0.000
0.200
0.733
Germany
0.641
1.664
1.934
IDB
0.441
0.462
0.000
IFAD
0.064
0.186
0.449
Sweden
0.000
0.000
0.071
UNDP
1.442
0.596
0.000
United Kingdom
0.136
0.060
0.000
United States
0.256
0.165
2.134
World Bank
0.091
0.278
0.331
Non MemberCARE
0.067
0.125
0.150
Cornell University
0.054
0.029
0.000
Economic and Social Research Council
0.194
0.067
0.027
El Salvador
0.376
0.221
0.150
Ethiopian Development Research Institute
0.001
0.000
0.000
Foundation for Investment and Export Development
0.035
0.000
0.000
George Mason University
0.000
0.180
0.000
Georgia State University
0.038
0.000
0.000
HarvestPlus/CP
0.863
0.053
0.000
Hewlett Foundation
0.199
0.000
0.000
Japan Bank for International Development (JBIC)
0.000
0.004
0.000
JICA
0.129
0.934
0.683
National Institutes of Health
0.094
0.218
0.000
Others
0.000
0.000
0.000
Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
0.000
0.012
0.000
Oxford University
0.003
0.000
0.000
Save the Children Federation, Inc.
0.007
0.000
0.000
Social Impact, Inc.
0.056
0.081
0.089
University of Andina Simon Bolivar
0.017
0.000
0.000
University of Laval
0.002
0.009
0.000
UNOPS
0.021
0.068
0.000
World Food Program (WFP)
0.073
0.271
0.596
Unres+Other SourcesUnres+Other Sources
1.566
2.129
2.046


Allocation of Project Costs to CGIAR Priorities, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Priorities
Theme 7: Poverty, Nutrition, and Social Protection
Project Total
6.866
8.012
9.393
9.769
10.159
2A
0.086
0.100
0.117
0.122
0.127
2B
0.086
0.100
0.117
0.244
0.127
2C
0.172
0.200
0.235
0.122
0.254
3A
1.099
1.282
1.503
1.563
1.626
3B
1.098
1.282
1.503
1.563
1.625
5B
0.667
0.779
0.913
0.950
0.987
5C
1.520
1.774
2.080
2.163
2.250
5D
1.520
1.774
2.080
2.163
2.249
New Research Areas
0.618
0.721
0.845
0.879
0.914


Project investment by developing Region, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Target Regions Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Project Total
6.866
8.012
9.393
9.769
10.159
Theme 7: Poverty, Nutrition, and Social ProtectionAsia
1.972
2.289
3.075
3.198
3.326
LAC
2.860
3.320
3.051
3.174
3.300
SSA
2.034
2.403
3.267
3.397
3.533