2011-2013
Subtheme 6.2: Country Development Strategy Research (GRP 32)
Centers/ProgramsIFPRI
Target RegionsAsia, CWANA, LAC, SSA
Countries of Planned Research Potential Beneficiary Countries
 
Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Congo, Dem. Rep., Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Cambodia, Morocco, Mozambique, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia
 
Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Congo, Dem. Rep., Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Cambodia, Morocco, Mozambique, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia
CGIAR Priorities
2A - Maintaining and enhancing yield potential of food staples
2B - Tolerance to selected abiotic stresses
2C - Enhancing nutritional quality and safety
3A - Increasing income from fruit and vegetables
3B - Income increases from livestock
4A - Integrated land, water and forest management and landscape level
4C - Improving water productivity
4D - Sustainable agro-ecological intensification in low- and high-potential environments
5A - Science and technology policies and institutions
5C - Rural institutions and their governance
5D - Improving research and development options to reduce rural poverty and vulnerability
Development Activities - Development Activities
New Research Areas - New Research Areas
Financing Sources
Members: Canada, China, European Commission, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States, World Bank

Non Members: Centre for World Food Study, CHEMONICS, German Development Institute, Human Science Research Council, Innovations for Poverty Action, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD), Others, Unres+Other Sources, US Dept of Agriculture (USDA), Yemen
Project Overview and Rationale

Many developing countries are implementing various strategies to achieve development goals. Although these strategies often come in various forms (PRSPs, investment strategies, rural/agricultural development strategies, etc.), most relate strategic investment choices and other policy reforms to agreed development objectives in support of poverty reduction and economic growth. Donors are also increasingly making these strategies a condition for debt relief, aid, and loans. However, given the limited resources and technical expertise within many developing countries, policymakers often have to choose what they attempt judiciously by setting priorities and understanding the trade-offs and linkages between different goals and policy options.

In this context, Subtheme 6.2 (Country Development Strategy Research) will generate new knowledge regarding improved development strategies for agricultural and rural growth and poverty reduction through research, capacity building, and policy dialogue. The failure of past development efforts highlights the need to understand not only the factors that drive economic development but how this knowledge can be incorporated into country development strategies. Thus, Subtheme 6.2 will promote sustainable and equitable growth in developing countries by improving the design and implementation of development strategies. It is specifically designed to stimulate new thinking about the development process through three pillars of research: identifying past development pathways, analyzing the strategic options available to developing countries to achieve specific development outcomes, and strengthening the strategic planning and implementation process through which developing countries can achieve these outcomes.

Goals and Objectives

This project’s overall goal is to promote greater progress toward sustainable and pro-poor growth in developing countries by improving the design and implementation of development strategies. The specific objectives are to:

  • identify the factors determining countries’ choices of different development pathways;
  • develop typologies that capture the defining characteristics and stages of development of developing countries;
  • identify the preconditions for successful policy changes in selected countries that have experienced successful forward leaps in economic growth and poverty reduction;
  • identify the types of development strategies for countries with different initial conditions by examining the role of agriculture and the linkages between agriculture and the rural and urban nonfarm economy at multiple levels—for example, national and subnational;
  • develop analytical tools that are useful for countries undertaking strategic planning in the agricultural, food, and rural sectors;
  • assess the characteristics of successful agriculturally-relevant strategies;
  • develop and test an integrated strategic planning package for agricultural, food and rural development ministries, including comprehensive conceptual frameworks, analytical tools, decision support systems, and knowledge management systems; and
  • support individual country efforts to incorporate information on development options and strategies into their strategic planning and implementation processes.

 



Project Outputs
Output Title
1: Develop typologies capturing key country characteristics and stages of development. These typologies will be used to (a) identify pre-conditions for successful pro-poor and gender-sensitive growth and food security, (b) guide selection of appropriate development strategies, (c) provide a basis for developing-country performance indicators, and (d) guide selection of countries for more in-depth research (three years).
Output Description
Research activities under this output will include the integration of findings from the qualitative and quantitative studies (cross-country) on past approaches that have been implemented in developing countries to overcome binding constraints and thresholds. Moreover, case studies will be compiled from countries in different typologies. These typology studies will not only provide a synthesis of existing information and data but they will also help identify constraints to agricultural growth and food security for countries with similar endowment or at similar development stages. These similarities and differences can then be use to select appropriate case studies countries.
CGIAR Priorities
5A, 5B, 5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, China, Congo, Dem. Rep., Ethiopia, Ghana, Mozambique, Malawi, Nigeria, Uganda, Vietnam
Intended Users
Country and regional policymakers, researchers, donors, and academic institutions.
Outcome
Increased recognition of the relevant role of agriculture in different types of countries, and improved policies and investments within countries. Improved systems for tracking progress against Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Donor organizations and regional economic organizations use country typology and indicators to improve the allocation of aid resources among countries. Improved country strategies in selected countries.
Impact
Greater progress towards economic growth and poverty reduction."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Typologies developed to promote mutual learning and experience sharing across countries on the issues of development pathways and sector and investment priorities. Case studies compiled from countries in different typologies (the number is subject to the final typology).
2011
Policy strategies
A comparative study on agricultural transformation in selected countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

Output Title
2: Develop frameworks, methods and analyses bringing together micro (household), meso (subnational), and macro (national) analyses for generating policy options for achieving growth, poverty reduction, food security and environmental goals (three years).
Output Description
Research under Output 2 will conduct analysis to inform the rural components of agricultural and development strategies in Sub-Saharan African countries, thereby encouraging policy debate on strategic issues, such as growth options and public investment priorities. More specifically, the project will analyze the contribution of different agricultural sub-sectors to economy-wide growth, poverty reduction and structural transformation, and estimate the level of investment needed to support additional growth. Development strategy research involves micro, meso (space and sectors), macro- and global-level analysis and requires inputs from different disciplines. The identification of strategic options will therefore be based on an integrated micro-meso-macro analysis (e.g., regionalized country CGE model that links with microsimulation models) of country-specific structural conditions and the dynamic linkages across sectors and regions.
CGIAR Priorities
3A, 3B, 4A, 4C, 4D, 5A, 5B, 5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Cambodia, Morocco, Mozambique, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia
Intended Users
National policymakers, donors, other CG centers, and academic institutions.
Outcome
Better strategic approaches to agriculture and the rural sector in national development strategies, especially food security and poverty reduction strategies. Improved country strategies in selected countries.
Impact
Greater progress in achieving economic growth and poverty reduction in developing countries."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Research results of country case studies completed in Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Morocco, Nigeria, and Uganda to explore options for growth and poverty reduction given different initial conditions.
2010
Policy strategies
Synthesis results from cross-country comparisons study.
2010
Policy strategies
Synthesized research results on options and strategies for pro-poor development completed.
2011
Policy strategies
Results for the new regional level study of regional dynamics and cross-country growth linkages in Southern and West Africa.
2011
Policy strategies
Results for the studies in Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda, and Zambia to capture emerging issues in these countries.

Output Title
3: Approaches for bringing knowledge into agriculturally-relevant strategy and implementation processes developed and tested (three years).
Output Description
  • Complete assessment of development strategy formulation and implementation processes and the factors driving agricultural strategic planning processes and their impact on development outcomes, drawing on select CSSP case studies.
  • Analysis completed of the lessons learned in CSSPs for (a) national demand for priority policy research, (b) integration of analytical building blocks for strategy development, (c) the types of knowledge platforms, and (d) capacity-building requirements for delivering strategic support systems at country level.
  • Identification of policy and programmatic interventions to improve the effectiveness of agriculturally-relevant strategies to deliver on key development outcomes (pro-poor economic and agricultural growth, poverty, equity and environmental sustainability). The country strategy support programs are best placed to do this research, with rich institutional understanding emerging from these studies to complement more limited cross-country research activities.
CGIAR Priorities
3A, 3B, 4A, 4C, 4D, 5A, 5B, 5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
Ethiopia, Ghana, Mozambique, Malawi, Nigeria, Uganda
Intended Users
Strategic planning units in national planning units and ministries of agriculture. Groups working to improve the capacity of national strategic planning efforts related to agriculture. Finance Ministries and other requiring credible, costed sector strategies and M&E plans. National and local policymakers, donors, and researchers in selected countries. CGIAR researchers. Academic institutions in both developed and developing countries.
Outcome
Enhanced ability of countries to design and implement effective strategies. Better links between providers and users of policy-relevant information. Improved dialog and consultations in agricultural policymaking processes. Improved country strategies in selected countries.
Impact
Accelerated agricultural growth and poverty reduction."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Analysis completed of the lessons learned in CSSPs for (a) national demand for priority policy research, (b) integration of analytical building blocks for strategy development, (c) the types of knowledge platforms, and (d) capacity-building requirements for delivering strategic support systems at country level.
2010
Policy strategies
Completed findings on the factors driving agricultural strategic planning processes, drawing on select country case studies in Nigeria, Ghana and Kenya.
2011
Policy strategies
Identification of effective policy and programmatic interventions to improve the effectiveness of agriculturally-relevant strategies to deliver on key development outcomes (pro-poor economic and agricultural growth, poverty, equity and environmental sustainability).

Output Title
4: Practical and comprehensive conceptual frameworks and knowledge systems platforms (SAKSS) developed and tested for development strategy analysis and information sharing at country and subregional levels (three years).
Output Description
  • New knowledge produced on the effective linkages between knowledge systems and policy processes for affecting country and regional strategies.
  • Lessons of cross-country and -regional comparative approaches for strategic analysis completed and successful links of knowledge systems with action related to current and future strategies established.
  • Capacity of local collaborating institutions and organizations strengthened through the transfer of lessons, tools, and approaches to continue the work of SAKSS at country and regional levels in Africa.
CGIAR Priorities
Countries of Planned Research
Ethiopia, Ghana, Morocco, Mozambique, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Uganda
Intended Users
Academic community and practitioners in rural and agricultural development. Policymakers, regional bodies (e.g., AU, NEPAD), donors, countries and regional economic organizations / communities. Farmers, private sector, and civil society.
Outcome
National institutions, regional economic organizations, donors, and general public use results of SAKSS to inform country and regional investment decisions and policy dialogue. A better understanding of the varying approaches (analysis and tools) and effective types of knowledge systems for improving the planning, monitoring and evaluation of agricultural development strategies. Greater linkages are established between the generators of information and knowledge, products and results, and decisionmaking action. Improved regional investments that capture synergies between countries. Lessened involvement of CGIAR centers in ReSAKSS and other country SAKSS as local partners and collaborators/networks are increasingly capable of meeting the demands for strategic analysis and linking it with policymaking, strategy design, and implementation. 
Impact
Improved country strategies in selected countries leads to reduction of poverty and hunger."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Capacity
Capacity of local collaborating institutions and organizations strengthened through the transfer of lessons, tools, and approaches to continue the work of SAKSS at country and regional levels in Africa.
2010
Practices
Lessons of cross-country and -regional comparative approaches for strategic analysis completed and successful links of knowledge systems with action related to current and future strategies established.
2011
Practices
Development and implementation of an M&E system to track CAADP implementation progress and outcomes.
2011
Practices
Operation of an IT-based platform for review, learning, dialogue, and benchmarking.

Note: Financial Tables, Target Regions, CGIAR Priorities and Financing Sources show aggregated data for more than one MTP project and in particular for: - Subtheme 6.1: Priorities for Public Investment in Agriculture and Rural Areas (GRP 3) - Subtheme 6.2: Country Development Strategy Research (GRP 32) - Subtheme 6.3: Urban-Rural Linkages and Nonfarm Rural Development (GRP 36) - Subtheme 6.4: Support to the Implementation of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) (GRP 44)


Allocation of Member, Non-Member Grants and other sources to projects, 2009-2011
in $millions

Project Member Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Project Total
13.278
14.571
16.584
Theme 6: Development StrategiesMemberCanada
1.089
0.575
0.295
China
0.106
0.001
0.000
European Commission
1.222
1.331
1.000
Germany
0.105
0.000
0.000
Ireland
0.447
0.425
0.346
Netherlands
0.000
0.000
0.576
Spain
0.000
0.000
0.576
Sweden
0.977
1.340
2.322
United Kingdom
1.442
1.449
0.859
United States
4.786
5.571
8.394
World Bank
0.195
0.227
0.000
Non MemberCentre for World Food Study
0.047
0.009
0.000
CHEMONICS
0.725
1.167
0.108
German Development Institute
0.043
0.013
0.000
Human Science Research Council
0.020
0.000
0.000
Innovations for Poverty Action
0.018
0.043
0.000
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD)
0.000
0.121
0.106
Others
0.195
0.106
0.000
US Dept of Agriculture (USDA)
0.168
0.000
0.000
Yemen
0.052
0.174
0.000
Unres+Other SourcesUnres+Other Sources
1.641
2.019
2.002


Allocation of Project Costs to CGIAR Priorities, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Priorities
Theme 6: Development Strategies
Project Total
13.278
14.571
16.584
17.248
17.938
2A
0.017
0.018
0.021
0.022
0.022
2B
0.017
0.018
0.021
0.022
0.022
2C
0.033
0.036
0.041
0.043
0.045
3A
0.286
0.313
0.357
0.371
0.386
3B
0.286
0.313
0.357
0.371
0.386
4A
0.197
0.216
0.246
0.256
0.266
4C
0.197
0.216
0.246
0.256
0.266
4D
0.203
0.223
0.254
0.264
0.274
5A
1.825
2.002
2.279
2.370
2.465
5C
1.825
2.002
2.279
2.370
2.465
5D
5.472
6.007
6.834
7.109
7.394
Development Activities
0.903
0.991
1.128
1.173
1.220
New Research Areas
2.017
2.216
2.521
2.621
2.727


Project investment by developing Region, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Target Regions Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Project Total
13.278
14.571
16.584
17.248
17.938
Theme 6: Development StrategiesAsia
3.007
3.215
3.630
3.775
3.926
CWANA
0.773
0.806
0.903
0.939
0.977
LAC
1.461
1.603
1.824
1.897
1.973
SSA
8.037
8.947
10.227
10.637
11.062