2011-2013
Subtheme 6.1: Priorities for Public Investment in Agriculture and Rural Areas (GRP 3)
Centers/ProgramsIFPRI
Target RegionsAsia, CWANA, LAC, SSA
Countries of Planned Research Potential Beneficiary Countries
 
China, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Jordan, Kenya, Cambodia, Kuwait, Morocco, Mali, Malawi, Nigeria, Nepal, Sudan, Swaziland, Thailand, Tunisia, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia
 
China, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Jordan, Kenya, Cambodia, Morocco, Mali, Malawi, Nigeria, Nepal, Sudan, Swaziland, Thailand, Tunisia, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia
CGIAR Priorities
2A - Maintaining and enhancing yield potential of food staples
2B - Tolerance to selected abiotic stresses
2C - Enhancing nutritional quality and safety
3A - Increasing income from fruit and vegetables
3B - Income increases from livestock
4A - Integrated land, water and forest management and landscape level
4C - Improving water productivity
4D - Sustainable agro-ecological intensification in low- and high-potential environments
5A - Science and technology policies and institutions
5C - Rural institutions and their governance
5D - Improving research and development options to reduce rural poverty and vulnerability
Development Activities - Development Activities
New Research Areas - New Research Areas
Financing Sources
Members: Canada, China, European Commission, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States, World Bank

Non Members: Centre for World Food Study, CHEMONICS, German Development Institute, Human Science Research Council, Innovations for Poverty Action, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD), Others, Unres+Other Sources, US Dept of Agriculture (USDA), Yemen
Project Overview and Rationale

The overall goal of this program is to conduct research on policy options to have more efficient targeting of investment resources, to finance the required investment, and to improve efficiency within the agencies that provide public goods and services.

Project Rationale

Developing countries and the international development community are intensifying their efforts by increasing and redirecting resources in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In 2002, at the Monterrey Conference, rich countries renewed their pledge to increase their development assistance to 0.7 percent of their GDP. More recently, the UN Millennium Project called for a ‘big push’ in donor support to meet the MDG challenge. In 2005, the Commission for Africa called for rich countries to double their aids to Africa and to cancel debts poor countries owe to rich countries. Through the Millennium Challenge Act of 2003, the U.S. government pledged a 50 percent increase over its existing $10 billion annual funding for U.S. development and humanitarian assistance. So far 18 developing countries have benefited and signed compacts with the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) totaling more than US$6.3 billion to be allocated across various economic and social sectors; and 23 more are eligible to benefit. More importantly, many developing countries have adopted the concept of Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), or equivalent strategies, to outline strategic plans and to earmark financial resources to achieve their poverty reduction goals. In Africa, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) was formed by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government in July 2001 in Zambia, with the objective is to commit themselves to a new partnership in development by improving their governance through peer-review monitoring and evaluation systems; and the leaders pledged to allocate 10 percent of their national budgetary resources towards the implementation of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP).

If all these resources are in place, the key questions are: can these pledged resources achieve the stated objectives of growth and poverty reduction? How should these resources be allocated among different sectors such as agriculture, infrastructure, health, and education? What types of public spending programs (and under what conditions) have the largest impact on the poor? Do public institutions that implement public spending or investment matter? 
 

Project Outputs
Output Title
1: Priorities of public investment for promoting rural growth and reducing poverty is assessed, and the role of governance in public investment is better understood (three years)
Output Description

Research program activities:

  • review and document changes in the composition, levels, and sources of financing of public investments in rural areas in developing countries, along with the factors determining investments decisions and reasons for changes in trends and composition;
  • analyze the growth, poverty, environmental and other human development impacts of different types of public investments in rural areas, including social evaluation of individual investment projects;
  • develop monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems for public spending in agriculture and rural areas, and improve the link between resource allocation decisions and impact assessment results;
  • analyze the political and institutional context of public investments, and conditions for efficient provision of public goods and services;
  • develop and offer policy guidelines on future priorities for government investments; and
  • analyze options for financing public investments to achieve development outcomes.

Comparative and complementary advantage of the research

Within IFPRI, this sub-theme’s research activities complement those on Governance and Policy Processes (Sub-Theme 5.2, GRP37) and on Large-Scale Interventions to Enhance Human Capital (Sub-Theme 7.2, GRP28). However, while this sub-theme’s research focuses on broader types of investments either by sector or by region, Sub-Theme 7.2’s research focuses on targeted groups and/or individuals. GRP37’s research focuses on how to improve the performance of institutions and governance related to public spending.

Change in output from the previous MTP

There is no change in this output from the previous MTP.

CGIAR Priorities
5A, 5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
China, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Jordan, Kenya, Cambodia, Kuwait, Morocco, Mali, Malawi, Nigeria, Nepal, Sudan, Swaziland, Thailand, Tunisia, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia
Intended Users
Researchers, policymakers and practitioners in developing countries.
Outcome
Data and results used by researchers, policymakers, practitioners in analyzing and setting priorities and improving the efficiency of public investment for promoting growth and poverty reduction in developing countries.
Impact
Increased amount, improved allocation, and improved governance of public investment for higher growth and greater poverty reduction in developing countries."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2011
Other kinds of knowledge
Database on public spending (agriculture, education, health, transportation, defense, social security) in 67 developing countries made publicly available on IFPRI website.
2011
Policy strategies
Research results generated on the efficiency and effectiveness of public investment for rural growth and poverty reduction in selected developing countries in: Sub-Saharan Africa (Ethiopia, Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria, and Uganda); West Asia and North Africa (Yemen); East Asia (China); and Southeast Asia (Vietnam).

Note: Financial Tables, Target Regions, CGIAR Priorities and Financing Sources show aggregated data for more than one MTP project and in particular for: - Subtheme 6.1: Priorities for Public Investment in Agriculture and Rural Areas (GRP 3) - Subtheme 6.2: Country Development Strategy Research (GRP 32) - Subtheme 6.3: Urban-Rural Linkages and Nonfarm Rural Development (GRP 36) - Subtheme 6.4: Support to the Implementation of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) (GRP 44)


Allocation of Member, Non-Member Grants and other sources to projects, 2009-2011
in $millions

Project Member Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Project Total
13.278
14.571
16.584
Theme 6: Development StrategiesMemberCanada
1.089
0.575
0.295
China
0.106
0.001
0.000
European Commission
1.222
1.331
1.000
Germany
0.105
0.000
0.000
Ireland
0.447
0.425
0.346
Netherlands
0.000
0.000
0.576
Spain
0.000
0.000
0.576
Sweden
0.977
1.340
2.322
United Kingdom
1.442
1.449
0.859
United States
4.786
5.571
8.394
World Bank
0.195
0.227
0.000
Non MemberCentre for World Food Study
0.047
0.009
0.000
CHEMONICS
0.725
1.167
0.108
German Development Institute
0.043
0.013
0.000
Human Science Research Council
0.020
0.000
0.000
Innovations for Poverty Action
0.018
0.043
0.000
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD)
0.000
0.121
0.106
Others
0.195
0.106
0.000
US Dept of Agriculture (USDA)
0.168
0.000
0.000
Yemen
0.052
0.174
0.000
Unres+Other SourcesUnres+Other Sources
1.641
2.019
2.002


Allocation of Project Costs to CGIAR Priorities, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Priorities
Theme 6: Development Strategies
Project Total
13.278
14.571
16.584
17.248
17.938
2A
0.017
0.018
0.021
0.022
0.022
2B
0.017
0.018
0.021
0.022
0.022
2C
0.033
0.036
0.041
0.043
0.045
3A
0.286
0.313
0.357
0.371
0.386
3B
0.286
0.313
0.357
0.371
0.386
4A
0.197
0.216
0.246
0.256
0.266
4C
0.197
0.216
0.246
0.256
0.266
4D
0.203
0.223
0.254
0.264
0.274
5A
1.825
2.002
2.279
2.370
2.465
5C
1.825
2.002
2.279
2.370
2.465
5D
5.472
6.007
6.834
7.109
7.394
Development Activities
0.903
0.991
1.128
1.173
1.220
New Research Areas
2.017
2.216
2.521
2.621
2.727


Project investment by developing Region, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Target Regions Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Project Total
13.278
14.571
16.584
17.248
17.938
Theme 6: Development StrategiesAsia
3.007
3.215
3.630
3.775
3.926
CWANA
0.773
0.806
0.903
0.939
0.977
LAC
1.461
1.603
1.824
1.897
1.973
SSA
8.037
8.947
10.227
10.637
11.062