2011-2013
Subtheme 5.1: Governance and Related Policy Processes (GRP 37)
Centers/ProgramsIFPRI
Target RegionsAsia, CWANA, LAC, SSA
Countries of Planned Research Potential Beneficiary Countries
 
Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, India, Kyrgyzstan, Nigeria, Uganda
 
Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, India, Kyrgyzstan, Nigeria, Uganda
CGIAR Priorities
4A - Integrated land, water and forest management and landscape level
4C - Improving water productivity
4D - Sustainable agro-ecological intensification in low- and high-potential environments
5C - Rural institutions and their governance
5D - Improving research and development options to reduce rural poverty and vulnerability
New Research Areas - New Research Areas
Financing Sources
Members: Germany, World Bank

Non Members: Development Bank of S/Africa, Unres+Other Sources
Project Overview and Rationale

Weak state capacity, mismanagement, and corruption are the major reasons why the policies and institutions needed for the reduction of hunger and poverty are either not in place or poorly implemented. Smallholder farmers typically lack a political voice, which leads to policies that are biased in favor of urban constituencies and large farmers. Female farmers face particular problems in accessing agricultural and rural services. The effectiveness of public investment in agricultural infrastructure and services is reduced by problems of poor governance. While the international development community and developing country leaders have turned their attention to governance and participatory policymaking, there is still a considerable lack of knowledge on effective strategies to improve governance and policy processes in the agricultural sector. Likewise, there is a lack of knowledge on governance reform strategies that will make the international organizations in charge of food and agriculture more effective in responding to global challenges, such as food crises, climate change and livestock-related pandemic diseases. IFPRI’s Theme “Governance and Policy Processes” addresses these knowledge gaps. Research will identify options for governance reforms and policy processes for the agricultural sector at sub-national, national and international levels that will enhance sustainable pro-poor growth, food security, and nutrition.


Goals and Objectives


The overall goal is to contribute to improved governance the agricultural sector. This involves generating and communicating policy-relevant knowledge on institutional arrangements and governance reform strategies that (a) strengthen governance at local, national and international levels; (b) improve the functioning of the public, private, and third-sector organizations involved in the financing and provision of agricultural services and infrastructure, including agricultural research; and (c) promote the formulation and implementation of agricultural policies and development strategies to foster pro-poor growth. This project aims to generate gender-specific knowledge on governance reforms, paying special attention to the participation of rural women and disadvantaged groups in decentralized governance structures and in national policy processes. The research supports governance research in specific fields such as agricultural research and extension, seed supply systems, and water resources management. In view of the need for reforming the global institutional architecture for food and agriculture, the research program also addresses reform strategies at this level.

Project Outputs
Output Title
1: Governance reforms that strengthen agricultural and rural service provision and improve the business climate for smallholder farmers are identified, including public sector and regulatory reforms, decentralization, strengthening of local governance, anti-corruption measures and promotion of farmers’ organizations and rural women’s groups.
Output Description

Research activities: This research involves secondary data analysis as well as surveys among agricultural and rural households (interviewing male and female service providers separately), elected members of local governments, user associations, such as farmers’ groups, and service providers, especially public officials. The research also involves in-depth case studies, including participatory mapping methods to identify corruption risks.


Comparative advantage: IFPRI has long-term expertise in survey research and is uniquely placed to focus on agricultural and rural issues in local governance research, which are often neglected by other research organizations that deal with this topic.


Changes in Output from previous MTP: Since substantial research on decentralization and local governance has already been conducted, a new focus on the business climate for smallholder agriculture and on anti-corruption efforts has been included. Moreover, research on agricultural services, such as agricultural extension (which was previously included under Output 2) has been included under this output.

CGIAR Priorities
5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, India, Kyrgyzstan, Nigeria, Uganda
Intended Users
Ministries in charge of agriculture and rural services; local governments, national training institutes, NGOs and donor organizations working on decentralization, local governance and agricultural and rural service provision; farmers’ organizations and agribusiness associations; NGOs concerned with women’s rights and empowerment.
Outcome
Actors involved in agricultural and rural service provision use options and strategies from this research for the design and implementation of programs and policies.
Impact
Agricultural and rural services are organized and public resources spent more efficiently and effectively to empower the poor and improve access of poor men and women to public services, thereby contributing to agricultural development and pro-poor growth."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Farmers’ business climate assessed in Ghana and Ethiopia using a standardized tool.
2010
Policy strategies
Research results on governance reform strategies synthesized; Gender-disaggregated governance indicators for monitoring the quality of rural service provision developed.
2010
Practices
Tool for assessing corruption risks in agriculture developed.
2011
Policy strategies
Analysis of decentralization and rural service provision conducted for Guatemala, Kyrgyzstan, and India.
2011
Policy strategies
Analysis of factors that influence the farmers' business climate in Ethiopia and Ghana conducted.

Output Title
2: Institutional options and strategies for reforming national and global organizations in charge of food and agriculture are identified; options for involving the public sector, the private sector and civil society organizations in agricultural sector institutions are assessed with regard to their implications for equity, efficiency and sustainability.
Output Description

Research activities: This research involves institutional assessments, based on conceptual research, review of documents, interviews, and case study research.


Comparative advantage: IFPRI is uniquely placed to work with Ministries of Agriculture at the national level and with international agricultural sector institutions. There are hardly any other research organizations that deal with agricultural agencies from a public sector reform perspective.


Changes in Output from previous MTP: As explained above, agricultural research organizations and agricultural finance organizations are now also part of this research area.

CGIAR Priorities
5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
Ghana, India, Uganda
Intended Users
Agricultural sector organizations at the national level, especially Ministries/ Departments of Agriculture, farmer organizations, NGOs and agribusiness enterprises; International organizations in charge of food and agriculture (FAO, IFAD, etc.); national governments and international development agencies.
Outcome
Actors at national and international level use assessment tools, options and strategies identified in the research when designing and implementing institutional reform programs and projects.
Impact
Increased effectiveness of Ministries and Departments of Agriculture in fulfilling their functions; increased effectiveness of international organizations in charge of food and agriculture to deliver global public goods."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Framework developed for analyzing options for reforming global institutional architecture for food and agriculture.
2010
Practices
Development of a standardized tool for assessing the performance of ministries of agriculture.
2011
Policy strategies
Analysis of agricultural finance institutions conducted in Ghana.
2011
Practices
Framework for analysis of international agricultural governance developed.
2011
Practices
Tool for assessing incentives and capacity of agricultural research organizations developed and applied in Nigeria and DRC

Output Title
3: Identification of political strategies by which political commitment for pro-poor agricultural policies can be increased, with specific focus on the role of collective action and participation, electoral politics, and research-based knowledge (5 years).
Output Description

Research activities: This research component is based on the analysis of secondary data and on case studies that involve interviews with political decisionmakers and stakeholders. Innovative research methods, such as Computable Political Economy Modelling and Influence-Network Mapping (Net-Map) will also be applied.


Comparative advantage: IFPRI’s Country Strategy Support Programs and country offices provide unique opportunities to observe processes of agricultural policymaking over time and to get access to key informants, policymakers and stakeholders.


Changes from previous MTP: A stronger focus on the role of new developments (such as increasing food prices) on the political economy of agricultural policymaking has been added.

CGIAR Priorities
5C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
Ghana, India, Uganda
Intended Users
Policymakers and stakeholders, including farmers’ organizations, international development organizations, and think tanks involved in the design of agricultural policies and development strategies.
Outcome
Farmers’ organizations, NGOs, and other actors representing poor and marginalized farmers, including women farmers use research results to become more effective in promoting pro-poor agricultural policies; research results and stakeholder knowledge is incorporated more effectively in the design of agricultural policies and development strategies.
Impact
Contribution to pro-poor growth through (a) more evidence-based policymaking and (b) better representation of the interests of the rural poor in policy reform processes that affect the agricultural sector."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Key political economy factors that influence development aid to agriculture are identified.
2010
Policy strategies
Key political economy factors that influence whether countries put policies in place that are conducive to using agriculture for development are identified on the basis of cross-country analysis and country case studies.
2011
Policy strategies
Analysis of political economy of rural service provision in Kyrgyzstan conducted.
2011
Policy strategies
Review of recent qualitative and quantitative studies to explain agricultural policy in Africa conducted.
2011
Practices
Assessment tool for analyzing research-policy linkages developed, taking Malawi as pilot case study.

Allocation of Member, Non-Member Grants and other sources to projects, 2009-2011
in $millions

Project Member Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Project Total
0.559
0.512
0.383
Theme 5: Governance and Policy ProcessesMemberGermany
0.269
0.396
0.285
World Bank
0.165
0.018
0.000
Non MemberDevelopment Bank of S/Africa
0.012
0.000
0.000
Unres+Other SourcesUnres+Other Sources
0.113
0.098
0.098


Allocation of Project Costs to CGIAR Priorities, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Priorities
Theme 5: Governance and Policy Processes
Project Total
0.559
0.512
0.383
0.648
0.674
4A
0.037
0.034
0.025
0.043
0.044
4C
0.037
0.034
0.025
0.043
0.044
4D
0.038
0.035
0.026
0.044
0.046
5C
0.234
0.215
0.161
0.271
0.284
5D
0.101
0.092
0.069
0.117
0.121
New Research Areas
0.112
0.102
0.077
0.130
0.135


Project investment by developing Region, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Target Regions Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Project Total
0.559
0.512
0.383
0.648
0.674
Theme 5: Governance and Policy ProcessesAsia
0.290
0.271
0.203
0.344
0.357
CWANA
0.027
0.026
0.019
0.032
0.034
LAC
0.062
0.056
0.042
0.071
0.074
SSA
0.180
0.159
0.119
0.201
0.209