2011-2013
Subtheme 1.2: Climate Change (GRP 43)
Centers/ProgramsIFPRI
Target RegionsAsia, LAC, SSA
Countries of Planned Research Potential Beneficiary Countries
 
Colombia, Germany, Ghana, India, Morocco, Mozambique, Peru, Uganda, Vietnam, South Africa
 
Colombia, Ghana, India, Morocco, Mozambique, Peru, Uganda, Vietnam, South Africa
CGIAR Priorities
2A - Maintaining and enhancing yield potential of food staples
2B - Tolerance to selected abiotic stresses
4A - Integrated land, water and forest management and landscape level
4C - Improving water productivity
5D - Improving research and development options to reduce rural poverty and vulnerability
Financing Sources
Members: ADB, Australia, Germany, IFAD, United States, World Bank

Non Members: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, CARE, Generation/CP, Indiana University, International Food and Agricultural Trade Policy Council, Iowa State University, Leibniz Centre for Agriculture Landscape Research, Mars, Inc., Netherlands Environmental Assembly, Others, Oxford University, University of California, University of Copenhagen, Unres+Other Sources
Project Overview and Rationale

Climate change poses additional strain on agricultural and natural resource systems that must cope with the burdens of growing global population with higher incomes. The challenge is compounded by the uncertainty and pace of climate change and its effects regionally. The effect of climate change on food production exacerbates existing problems related to food security, malnutrition, and poverty.

Research on climate change includes the assessment of the impact of climate change under the CGIAR Challenge Program Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) / Mega Program 7 (MP7), building the capacity of rural poor, both women and men, to better access markets for mitigation and other environmental resources, and reducing vulnerability of rural households to climate change.

A better understanding of the effects of climate change under different scenarios by using different mathematical models will help in the formulation of strategies on adaptation and mitigation. These strategies will guide policymakers and regional and national decisionmakers in developing policies to protect their vulnerable populations to climate change.

Project Outputs
Output Title
1: Enhanced assessment of the likely impact of climate change on agricultural systems, and different policy program interventions to foster adaptation and mitigation for improved food security, environmental health, and poverty alleviation.
Output Description
IFPRI research on the impact of climate change will be part of the CGIAR Mega Program 7 (MP7), which focuses on four themes -- Theme 1: Adaptation to Progressive Climate Change; Theme 2: Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk; Theme 3: Pro-poor Climate Change Mitigation; and Theme 4: Integration for Decision Making. The MP7 research activities will aim to identify pro-poor adaptation and mitigation practices, technologies and policies for food systems, adaptive capacity and rural livelihoods, and to provide diagnosis and analysis that will ensure the inclusion of agriculture in climate change policies, from the sub-national to the global level in a way that brings to the rural poor. IFPRI research activities in relation to MP7 will include evaluation of socioeconomic impacts of improved crops adopted in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, and developing sets of tools, methods, and guidelines in climate change mitigation and adaptation. These tools and guidelines will impact land use management practices on poverty and sustainability by enhancing the role of genetic resource management in building the resilience of producers to abiotic and biotic constraints.

Alignment to CGIAR Priorities: Priority 5A—Science and technology policies and institutions.
CGIAR Priorities
Countries of Planned Research
Colombia, India, Peru
Intended Users
Global Adaptation FUND, UNREDD, the World Bank, IPCC, UNFCCC/SBSTA, key bilateral donors developing adaptation and mitigation strategies, large international NGOs, key regional and national actors, research for development agencies, national, regional, and international planning agencies, researchers on climate change impacts on agriculture and natural resource management.
Outcome
Better understanding of the impact of climate change on agricultural systems, and the impact of policy program interventions.
Impact
Improved food security, environmental health, and reduced poverty due to better policy program interventions that foster climate change adaptation and mitigation."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2011
Capacity
Increased capacity among policymakers to use tools for policy and program decisions
2011
Materials
Vulnerability maps with up-to-date datasets from a food security and sustainability perspective
2011
Policy strategies
Interim analyses presented for IMPACT analysis from regional scenarios
2011
Practices
Priorities derived from downscaling needs, including a set of papers on current downscaling initiatives
2011
Practices
Suite of downscaled climate data for the 2030s, 2090s, for homogenized applications
2011
Practices
Synthesis of data and maps of existing climate change information networks

Output Title
2: Upscaling and follow-up investment to enable the rural poor, women and men, to have the capacity and better access to high-value commodity markets for climate change mitigation and other environmental resources.
Output Description
Applied research is being carried out in Asia, Africa, and Latin America with the aim of strengthening the capacity of country-program partners to analyze and address policy issues related to improving access to markets for agricultural commodities, climate mitigation, and other environmental services for poverty alleviation. IFPRI and its partners will identify, test, and evaluate innovative policy, institutional and program solutions for improved access to market opportunities. Stronger capacity of country programs in addressing policy issues on markets of high-value commodities, climate mitigation, and other environmental services will improve the livelihood of rural populations. Governance factors from the perspective of different value-chain actors will be assessed to come up with promising interventions.

Alignment to CGIAR Priorities: Priority 5B—Making international and domestic markets work for the poor; and Priority 5C—Rural institutions and their governance.
CGIAR Priorities
5B, 5C
Countries of Planned Research
Ghana, Morocco, Mozambique, Vietnam
Intended Users
Country policymakers, farmer's organizations, regional networks, civil society and other groups supported by IFAD country programs, and private sector.
Outcome
Stronger capacity of country programs in addressing policy issues related to markets of high-value commodities, climate mitigation, and other environmental services for rural poverty reduction.
Impact
Improved livelihood among the rural populace due to improved access to markets of high-value commodities and other environmental services."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2011
Materials
Module in the value-chain analysis to assess governance factors from the perspective of different value-chain actors
2011
Policy strategies
Network of policy advisors, policy researchers, and program implementers for developing innovation strategy and policy impact
2011
Policy strategies
Promising interventions to improve access of rural poor to markest for climate change mitigation and environmental services

Output Title
3: Reduced vulnerability of rural households to climate change through better coordinated and targeted food system adaptation strategies.
Output Description
Improved policies and strategies on adaptation to climate change, with better targeted food system will help rural households become less vulnerable to climate change. This will be made possible through the BMZ/GTZ-funded project on Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa. This project provides regional organizations, policymakers, and farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa with tools to identify and implement appropriate adaptation strategies. It sets alternative global change scenarios, based on projected changes in climate, land use, socioeconomic factors, and alternative policies. The research will also include typology of production systems that integrates biophysical and socioeconomic factors, including intensity of production, land use, cropping/livestock systems, and household-level impact and response matrix by production system under the alternative global change scenario.

Alignment to CGIAR Priorities: Priority 5D—Improving research and development options to reduce rural poverty and vulnerability.
CGIAR Priorities
Countries of Planned Research
Germany, Uganda, South Africa
Intended Users
Policy researchers, and science networks (e.g., GECAFS, FANRPAN, ASARECA, and CGIAR) Policymakers, analysts, and researchers in national and regional institutions in developing countries Donor communities (Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Canadian International Development Agency)
Outcome
Improved policies and strategies on adaptation to climate change, with better targeted food system for rural households.
Impact
Rural households are less vulnerable to climate change with better adaptation strategies."

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2011
Policy strategies
A unified computational framework consists of climate-driven environmental data, the characteristic response functions of meso-level production systems, by typology and type-specific household response
2011
Policy strategies
Demonstrate pathways through which policy can act to reduce vulnerability and facilitate farm- and household-level adaptation
2011
Policy strategies
Estimation of investment requirements for alternative adaptation pathways, and differential investments for general development versus climate change adaptation purpose
2011
Practices
Methods and tools based on the micro-level adaptation analysis to promote adaptation among vulnerable groups
2011
Practices
Simulations of the assessment tool under various conditions and evaluation of outcomes of income and food security to alternative sets of conditions
2011
Practices
Typologies for the vulnerability of different household types in relation to food systems, and indication of relative degree of vulnerability and ability to adapt

Note: Financial Tables, Target Regions, CGIAR Priorities and Financing Sources show aggregated data for more than one MTP project and in particular for: - Subtheme 1.2: Climate Change (GRP 43) - Subtheme 2.1: Globalization and Markets (GRP 2)


Allocation of Member, Non-Member Grants and other sources to projects, 2009-2011
in $millions

Project Member Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Project Total
2.466
4.200
4.339
Theme 1: Outlooks and Global ChangeMemberADB
0.044
0.000
0.000
Australia
0.000
0.018
0.000
Germany
0.000
0.121
0.105
IFAD
0.128
0.000
0.000
United States
0.175
0.479
0.280
World Bank
0.196
0.014
0.000
Non MemberBill and Melinda Gates Foundation
1.350
1.916
1.577
CARE
0.000
0.117
0.000
Generation/CP
0.106
0.065
0.000
Indiana University
0.064
0.000
0.000
International Food and Agricultural Trade Policy Council
0.005
0.000
0.000
Iowa State University
0.007
0.009
0.000
Leibniz Centre for Agriculture Landscape Research
0.001
0.000
0.000
Mars, Inc.
0.001
0.000
0.000
Netherlands Environmental Assembly
0.025
0.035
0.000
Others
0.008
0.000
0.000
Oxford University
0.004
0.000
0.000
University of California
0.000
0.080
0.000
University of Copenhagen
0.000
0.265
1.317
Unres+Other SourcesUnres+Other Sources
0.352
1.081
1.060


Allocation of Project Costs to CGIAR Priorities, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Priorities
Theme 1: Outlooks and Global Change
Project Total
2.466
4.200
4.339
4.513
4.693
2A
0.185
0.315
0.325
0.338
0.352
2B
0.185
0.315
0.325
0.338
0.352
4A
0.493
0.840
0.868
0.903
0.939
4C
0.493
0.840
0.868
0.903
0.939
5D
1.110
1.890
1.953
2.031
2.111


Project investment by developing Region, 2009-2013
in $millions

Project Target Regions Actual
2009
Estimated
2010
Proposal
2011
Plan 1
2012
Plan 2
2013
Project Total
2.466
4.200
4.339
4.513
4.693
Theme 1: Outlooks and Global ChangeAsia
0.567
0.966
0.998
1.038
1.079
LAC
0.173
0.294
0.304
0.316
0.329
SSA
1.726
2.940
3.037
3.159
3.285