2009-2011
6. Resilience in practice for small-scale fisheries
Centers/ProgramsWorldFish Center
Target RegionsAsia, CWANA, LAC, SSA
Countries of Planned Research Potential Beneficiary Countries
 
Bangladesh, Cameroon, Congo, Dem. Rep., Egypt, Fiji, Ghana, Indonesia, India, Cambodia, Laos, Malawi, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vietnam, Zambia
 
n/a
CGIAR Priorities
3C - Enhancing income through increased productivity of fisheries and aquaculture
4A - Integrated land, water and forest management and landscape level
4B - Sustaining and managing aquatic ecosystems for food and livelihoods
4C - Improving water productivity
5D - Improving research and development options to reduce rural poverty and vulnerability
Financing Sources
Members: ADB, Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, European Commission, FAO, Finland, Germany, IFAD, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Norway, OPEC Fund, Philippines, South Africa, Sweden, UNDP, UNEP, United Kingdom, United States, World Bank

Non Members: African Wildlife Foundation , Agence de Development Economic de la Nouvelle-Caledonia, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Conservation International Foundation, Fishbase Information and Research Group (FIN), Force of Nature Aid Foundation, IFPRI , IUCN, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)/Univers, Others, SPC, Unres+Other Sources, Water & Food/CP, World Wildlife Fund
Project Overview and Rationale

Conventional fisheries management has largely failed to ensure sustainable fishery systems and livelihoods for the millions of people dependent on SSF in the developing world. Management at inappropriate scales, inappropriate property rights, inability to control fishing capacity, poor governance and other factors have conspired to block these fisheries from achieving their potential. Classically, management has concentrated on the fishery itself, even though this may present relatively weak levers for change. Improving the management of these fisheries requires a radical rethink of established theory, approaches and definitions of sustainability, as well as of indicators of management performance.

A new conceptualization of sustainability in fisheries is emerging from much broader developments in natural resource management. In its modern form, “resilience” has become a powerful reference for sustainable development, but advances in theory have yet to be translated into more resilient aquatic ecosystems or better lives for poor fisherfolk in developing countries. The challenge to utilizing resilience theory to manage and govern SSF is an important frontier for development science, as more than half the world’s wild-caught fish are from SSF, and most fishers live in developing countries. As complex systems, these fisheries exemplify the dynamic and unpredictable interdependencies of people and nature. Fisherfolk in SSF are vulnerable to the compounding effects of stresses within fishery systems as well as to ecological and social forces outside their domain of influence. Building adaptive capacity in ecosystems and people is central to realizing the conservation and social and economic potential of SSF.

The purpose of this project is to develop concepts, methods and sustainability indicators that will catalyze a fundamental change in SSF management in the developing world. To achieve this, the project will focus on three key areas. First, we will test and refine methods for integrated assessment of SSF. Second, we will build on these assessment tools to test and learn lessons from a range of alternative management interventions in a range of social and ecological settings. Third, we will develop and test a range of livelihood diversification options that can be used to reduce dependence on SSF in those cases where this is required to reduce vulnerability and strengthen resilience.


Project Outputs
Output Title
1: Improved methods for integrated assessment and advice
Output Description
n/a
CGIAR Priorities
3C, 4A, 4B, 4C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
Fiji, Cambodia, Laos, Malawi, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vietnam, Zambia
Intended Users
n/a
Outcome
n/a
Impact
n/a"

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
Enhanced ReefBase tools to support fisheries management through improved coral reef-mapping products, expanded coverage of freshwater species, and inclusion of marine invertebrates (global).
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
Framework for integrated assessment of SSF and new definitions of sustainability published (global).
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
National databases and coral reef decision-support systems established in at least three countries in the Pacific region.
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
Validated participatory decision-support tools developed integrating water, agriculture and fisheries aspects and interactions for floodplain fisheries in the lower Mekong.
2010
Other kinds of knowledge
A typology of SSF developed and used to guide management interventions in a range of institutional and ecological settings (global).
2010
Other kinds of knowledge
Enhanced FishBase and ReefBase tools to support fisheries management through expanded SSF portal and development of INCOFISH, a database for marine invertebrate species (global).
2010
Other kinds of knowledge
Historical analysis of resilience in five fishery systems in sub-Saharan Africa published.
2010
Other kinds of knowledge
New Web interface in FishBase to assess the risks of establishing introduced species, particularly those imported for the aquarium trade (global).
2011
Capacity
Guidance manuals for fishery managers published.

Output Title
2: Management concepts and approaches that mitigate risk tested in a range of ecological and social settings
Output Description
n/a
CGIAR Priorities
3C, 4A, 4B, 4C, 5D
Countries of Planned Research
Egypt, Ghana, India, Cambodia, Malawi, Malaysia, Solomon Islands
Intended Users
n/a
Outcome
n/a
Impact
n/a"

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
Global assessment of rights-based management in SSF.
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
Global critical synthesis of GEF-funded coral reef-management studies completed and lessons published.
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
Models for assessing the potential and options for restocking collapsed fisheries in the Pacific and sub-Saharan Africa developed and disseminated.
2009
Policy strategies
Co-management systems developed for managing culture-based fisheries in selected reservoirs in Ganges, Nile and Volta basins.
2010
Other kinds of knowledge
Assessments of role of closed areas (e.g., sanctuaries), and impediments to their functioning in Malawi and the Mekong river basin.
2010
Other kinds of knowledge
Efficacy of alternative local approaches to fisheries and wetlands management assessed and compared in the Mekong region.
2010
Other kinds of knowledge
Global synthesis published on lessons learned in SSF management and governance based on analysis of at least 200 fisheries.
2010
Other kinds of knowledge
Guidelines for adaptive management in SSF in the developing world incorporated in national and regional fisheries development in the Pacific, Mekong, and sub-Saharan Africa regions.
2011
Other kinds of knowledge
Lessons learned from case studies in SSF management for resilience in five fisheries in sub-Saharan Africa published.
2011
Other kinds of knowledge
Meta-analysis completed of the effectiveness of marine protected areas as a fisheries management tool (global).

Output Title
3: Livelihood diversification options that reduce dependence on small-scale fisheries
Output Description
n/a
CGIAR Priorities
3C, 4B, 4C
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, Cameroon, Congo, Dem. Rep., Indonesia, India, Cambodia, Laos, Malawi, Malaysia, Solomon Islands, Vietnam, Zambia
Intended Users
n/a
Outcome
n/a
Impact
n/a"

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
An analysis of the distribution of benefits among participants in enhanced floodplain fisheries in Bangladesh, Mekong and China.
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
Guidelines on selected opportunities to improve women’s livelihoods from fishing (Cameroon, DR Congo).
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
Institutional mechanisms for integrating fish and crop production developed and disseminated in the Ganges.
2009
Other kinds of knowledge
Opportunities for livelihood diversification as a means of reducing pressure on wild fisheries assessed in Solomon Islands and Indonesia.
2010
Other kinds of knowledge
Critical analysis of winners and losers in the changing landscape of aquatic resource-based livelihoods in the Mekong.
2010
Other kinds of knowledge
Critical synthesis and technical guidelines on the potential for small-scale aquaculture to provide alternative income streams and empower SSF-dependent women in South Asia.
2011
Other kinds of knowledge
Critical analysis of the capacity of aquaculture to substitute for declines in capture fishery production and livelihoods in the Mekong and sub-Saharan Africa.

Allocation of Member, Non-Member Grants and other sources to projects, 2007-2009
in $millions

Project Member Actual
2007
Estimated
2008
Proposal
2009
Project Total
6.608
6.849
5.121
MTP 6: Resilience in Practice for Small-Scale FisheriesMemberADB
0.271
0.000
0.152
Australia
0.239
0.338
0.623
Bangladesh
0.003
0.055
0.005
Belgium
0.000
0.119
0.118
Canada
0.008
0.000
0.001
Denmark
0.000
0.024
0.027
Egypt
0.000
0.000
0.240
European Commission
0.793
0.329
0.327
FAO
0.027
0.048
0.003
Finland
0.000
0.000
0.007
Germany
0.035
0.026
0.017
IFAD
0.040
0.000
0.034
Japan
0.009
0.000
0.000
Malaysia
0.010
0.000
0.003
New Zealand
0.129
0.240
0.133
Norway
0.000
0.000
0.002
OPEC Fund
0.000
0.000
0.002
Philippines
0.020
0.000
0.004
South Africa
0.000
0.000
0.011
Sweden
0.107
0.138
0.145
UNDP
0.008
0.000
0.000
UNEP
0.468
1.020
0.066
United Kingdom
0.312
0.004
0.001
United States
0.237
0.000
0.040
World Bank
0.048
0.015
0.009
Non MemberAfrican Wildlife Foundation
0.012
0.011
0.000
Agence de Development Economic de la Nouvelle-Caledonia
0.156
0.023
0.000
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
0.021
0.000
0.000
Conservation International Foundation
0.005
0.060
0.000
Fishbase Information and Research Group (FIN)
0.108
0.240
0.000
Force of Nature Aid Foundation
0.087
0.109
0.000
IFPRI
0.007
0.000
0.000
National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)/Univers
0.005
0.057
0.102
Others
0.048
0.038
0.232
SPC
0.012
0.000
0.000
Water & Food/CP
0.594
1.317
0.814
World Conservation Union (IUCN)
0.019
0.043
0.000
World Wildlife Fund
0.020
0.016
0.000
Unres+Other SourcesUnres+Other Sources
2.750
2.579
2.003


Allocation of Project Costs to CGIAR Priorities, 2007-2011
in $millions

Project Actual
2007
Estimated
2008
Proposal
2009
Plan 1
2010
Plan 2
2011
Priorities
MTP 6: Resilience in Practice for Small-Scale Fisheries
Project Total
6.608
6.849
5.121
9.000
9.720
3C
2.643
2.739
2.048
3.600
3.888
4A
1.322
1.370
1.024
1.800
1.944
4B
1.322
1.370
1.024
1.800
1.944
4C
0.661
0.685
0.512
0.900
0.972
5D
0.660
0.685
0.513
0.900
0.972


Project investment by developing Region, 2007-2011
in $millions

Project Target Regions Actual
2007
Estimated
2008
Proposal
2009
Plan 1
2010
Plan 2
2011
Project Total
6.608
6.849
5.121
9.000
9.720
MTP 6: Resilience in Practice for Small-Scale FisheriesAsia
3.851
3.013
2.253
3.960
4.277
CWANA
0.715
0.548
0.410
0.720
0.778
LAC
0.019
0.069
0.051
0.090
0.097
SSA
2.023
3.219
2.407
4.230
4.568