2009-2011
Subtheme 3.3: Strengthening Womens Control of Assets for Better Development Outcomes (GRP 42)
Centers/ProgramsIFPRI
Target Regionsn/a
Countries of Planned Research Potential Beneficiary Countries
 
Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Liberia, El Salvador, Turkey, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia
 
Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Liberia, El Salvador, Turkey, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia
CGIAR Priorities
2A - Maintaining and enhancing yield potential of food staples
2B - Tolerance to selected abiotic stresses
3A - Increasing income from fruit and vegetables
3B - Income increases from livestock
4A - Integrated land, water and forest management and landscape level
4C - Improving water productivity
4D - Sustainable agro-ecological intensification in low- and high-potential environments
5A - Science and technology policies and institutions
5C - Rural institutions and their governance
5D - Improving research and development options to reduce rural poverty and vulnerability
New Research Areas - New Research Areas
Financing Sources
Members: ADB, Australia, Canada, FAO, Germany, IFAD, Italy, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, United States, World Bank

Non Members: Blue Moon Fund, German Advisory Council, Howard G. Buffett Foundation, ICRW, National Fadama Development Office, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD), Others, Oxford University, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania, Technical University of Denmark, University of Aarhus, Unres+Other Sources, VirginiaTech, Yale University
Project Overview and Rationale


Project Rationale

IFPRI’s previous research on gender and intrahousehold issues provided sound empirical evidence that women’s control of assets was associated with increased bargaining power within the household and higher investments in child schooling and nutrition. However, there is still limited knowledge about the extent of the asset gap worldwide, as well as gaps in the control of non-standard forms of assets, such as social and political capital. A consultation held by IFPRI with over 30 key researchers, policymakers, and practitioners working on gender and assets helped focus and articulate the rationale for the project. This includes the need for: (1) better methods to measure control over assets; (2) gender-disaggregated data on a range of assets; and (3) policy and analytical outputs that can generate a policy narrative to build support for programs to strengthen women’s assets and to provide guidance for projects to do so more effectively. While there have been a number of studies of the impact of the gender gap in particular assets (e.g. education, land), there has been relatively little that deals with the interaction of assets, or that takes a global and systematic approach to the analysis of a whole range of assets.

Project Goal and Overview

The principal goal of this new global and regional project (GRP) is to contribute to poverty reduction through policies and interventions that strengthen women’s control over critical assets by: (1) identifying the social, economic and institutional factors that facilitate or impede women’s access and control over assets, (2) assessing the consequences of the asset gap on development outcomes and exploring returns to reducing or eliminating that gap; (3) strengthening methods for measuring men’s and women’s effective access to and control over assets; (4) evaluating the effectiveness of various approaches to increase women’s control over assets (including defining the appropriate asset bundle); and (5) developing tools for monitoring and evaluating the impact of interventions on asset accumulation and depletion, particularly by poor women. This GRP does not limit itself to a narrow definition of assets (i.e. natural, physical and financial capital) but also includes human, social, and political capital in order to allow greater scope for policy interventions and to exploit policy linkages across sectors. This broader definition of assets thus encompasses both “tangible” assets, such as physical capital, as well as “intangible” assets, such as human and social capital.

To meet the principal goal and research objectives, the project is organized along two complementary tracks. The first track focuses on developing and implementing analytical methods for identifying factors affecting control over assets and measuring the asset gap, as well as investigating the consequences of that gap, while the second track involves working directly with development practitioners and policymakers to evaluate the impact of interventions designed to increase women’s control of assets.

Project Outputs
Output Title
1: Improved measures of women’s effective control of assets
Output Description
This output will be based on the development of new methods for measuring men’s and women’s control of assets and the generation of new data sets with gender-disaggregated data on asset ownership and control. IFPRI has a comparative advantage in undertaking this task since its gender and intrahousehold research program developed methods for collecting information about assets (including tangible assets and human and social capital) at the individual level. The World Bank is also developing modules on the gender distribution of assets for inclusion in large-scale surveys such as the LSMS (Doss et al. 2007). However, while much progress has been made on measuring tangible assets and education, there is still a great deal to learn about measuring intangible assets, especially other aspects of human, social, and political capital. This research will build upon the methods for measuring social capital being applied in the Philippines, Ethiopia, and Bangladesh under IFPRI’s Pathways from Poverty research program. It also will fill an important need for gender-disaggregated data on asset ownership and control.
CGIAR Priorities
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, El Salvador, Turkey, Uganda
Intended Users
n/a
Outcome
n/a
Impact
n/a"

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2009
Practices
Development of methods for measuring men’s and women’s control of assets in Bangladesh, Liberia and Uganda)
2010
Practices
Generation of new data sets with gender-disaggregated data on asset ownership and control
2011
Practices
Practitioner’s guide or methods guide to measuring men’s and women’s control of assets

Output Title
2: Better understanding of the factors that influence the gender gap in assets in a range of study countries
Output Description
Using analysis of quantitative data sets and qualitative work in study countries, the GRP will identify the impact of individual, household, and community variables, as well as social, institutional, and political factors, on the gender gap in assets. Attempts will be made to have geographic representation across regions so as to better understand the contextual factors that contribute to the gender gap.
CGIAR Priorities
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, India, Liberia, Uganda, Zambia
Intended Users
n/a
Outcome
n/a
Impact
n/a"

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Findings regarding roles of country-specific factors that contribute to the gender assets gap (Bangladesh)
2011
Policy strategies
Findings regarding roles of country-specific policies and interventions in helping to close the gender asset gap and encouraging asset accumulation by women and their families toward poverty reduction and reduced food insecurity and vulnerability

Output Title
3: Identification of the impacts-and impact pathways-of gender gaps in assets on poverty and other development policy outcomes toward the development of a policy narrative on the role of women’s assets in development policy
Output Description
Both qualitative and quantitative analysis will be used to trace the impact of increasing women’s assets in general, and increasing specific types of assets in particular, on various development outcomes. This will help develop the understanding of the types of assets that have the greatest impact on development outcomes, the combinations of those assets, and the possible packaging and/or sequencing of development interventions designed to increase women’s control of those assets.
CGIAR Priorities
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, India, Liberia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia
Intended Users
n/a
Outcome
n/a
Impact
n/a"

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2010
Policy strategies
Development of a policy narrative linking women’s control of assets to specific development outcomes, that is based in sound research

Output Title
4: Advice to practitioners and policymakers on how to effectively increase women’s control of assets in projects and policy
Output Description
Using a range of evaluation methods refined to consider the special features and challenges of understanding gendered control of assets, activities under this output will evaluate the effectiveness of various policy approaches and interventions to increase women’s control of assets. IFPRI’s comparative advantage in undertaking this work is its strength in process and impact evaluation using quantitative and qualitative tools, which will be applied to documenting and generating lessons learned from innovative or successful gender-sensitive interventions. This advice will be synthesized in a practitioner’s guide that will be field tested among development practitioners, similar to the earlier practitioners guide (Quisumbing and McClafferty 2006) that drew on the earlier intrahousehold and gender work at IFPRI.
CGIAR Priorities
Countries of Planned Research
Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Zambia
Intended Users
n/a
Outcome
n/a
Impact
n/a"

Output Target
Year Target Type Target Description
2011
Practices
Practitioner’s guide developed for designing and implementing projects to increase women’s control of assets
2012
Practices
Practitioner’s guide developed for gender-sensitive monitoring and evaluation of projects to increase women’s control of assets

Note: Financial Tables, Target Regions, CGIAR Priorities and Financing Sources show aggregated data for more than one MTP project and in particular for: - Subtheme 3.1: Water Resource Allocation: Productivity and Environmental Impacts (GRP 22) - Subtheme 3.2: Land Resource Management for Poverty Reduction (GRP 39) - Subtheme 3.3: Strengthening Women's Control of Assets for Better Development Outcomes (GRP 42)


Allocation of Member, Non-Member Grants and other sources to projects, 2007-2009
in $millions

Project Member Actual
2007
Estimated
2008
Proposal
2009
Project Total
2.805
3.739
4.410
Theme 3: Natural Resources PoliciesMemberADB
0.050
0.000
0.000
Australia
0.064
0.119
0.385
Canada
0.037
0.174
0.146
FAO
0.045
0.000
0.000
Germany
0.010
0.150
0.569
IFAD
0.211
0.052
0.347
Italy
0.229
0.336
0.150
Norway
0.250
0.188
0.385
South Africa
0.000
0.043
0.000
Sweden
0.001
0.024
0.000
United States
0.012
0.000
0.000
World Bank
0.300
0.356
0.055
Non MemberBlue Moon Fund
0.066
0.105
0.088
German Advisory Council
0.000
0.029
0.000
Howard G. Buffett Foundation
0.000
0.005
0.000
ICRW
0.000
0.135
0.000
National Fadama Development Office
0.099
0.000
0.000
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD)
0.000
0.015
0.000
Others
0.803
0.949
1.120
Oxford University
0.000
0.006
0.000
Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania
0.004
0.000
0.000
Technical University of Denmark
0.010
0.035
0.024
University of Aarhus
0.000
0.008
0.009
VirginiaTech
0.037
0.028
0.102
Yale University
0.010
0.042
0.000
Unres+Other SourcesUnres+Other Sources
0.567
0.940
1.030


Allocation of Project Costs to CGIAR Priorities, 2007-2011
in $millions

Project Actual
2007
Estimated
2008
Proposal
2009
Plan 1
2010
Plan 2
2011
Priorities
Theme 3: Natural Resources Policies
Project Total
2.805
3.739
4.410
4.587
4.770
2A
0.183
0.244
0.287
0.299
0.311
2B
0.023
0.030
0.036
0.037
0.038
3A
0.023
0.031
0.037
0.038
0.040
3B
0.023
0.031
0.037
0.038
0.040
4A
0.494
0.659
0.776
0.808
0.840
4C
0.494
0.658
0.777
0.808
0.840
4D
0.509
0.678
0.800
0.832
0.864
5A
0.349
0.465
0.549
0.571
0.594
5C
0.318
0.424
0.500
0.520
0.541
5D
0.359
0.479
0.564
0.587
0.611
New Research Areas
0.030
0.040
0.047
0.049
0.051


Project investment by developing Region, 2007-2011
in $millions

n/a